Health Impact Assessment
At Swiss TPH, our HIA expertise and activities cover the full spectrum from HIA service provision, HIA research and HIA teaching and training. We have long-standing expertise in the assessment, monitoring and evaluation of health impacts associated with drivers of global change, namely population growth, migration, urbanization, natural resource extraction and climate change, with a focus on tropical and development regions.
Health impact assessment (HIA) is a prospective approach to anticipate future direct and indirect health effects of projects, programmes or policies implemented in sectors other than health. Through a combination of procedures, tools and methods, systematic HIA provides an evidence-base for decision-making on how to manage those effects adequately and supports at the same time the health-in-all sectors approach as promoted by the SDG agenda. The holistic HIA approach takes into account direct effects of projects, programmes or policies on human health but equally considers underlying social and environmental determinants of health, which are expected to alter through implementation and indirectly influence population health.
HIA and 2030 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) Agenda
Goal number three of the SDGs agenda pertains to health by stating “Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages” and goal number seventeen pertains to intersectoral collaboration stating “Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development”. HIA is a cross-cutting tool between sectors where health-related targets are considered in developments across all sectors.
The Technical Support Team’s ‘Issue Brief on Health and Sustainable Development’ pertains to the central role of health in the economic, social and environmental dimensions of sustainable development. A health-in-all-sectors approach is established, where health-related targets are to be considered in developments across all sectors accompanied by monitoring of health outcome and health-related indicators. The monitoring of health impacts has explicitly been declared as one of the five priorities in the framework of the SDGs and governments, scientists and private sectors are called to routinely release their data. Therefore, HIA perfectly adheres to and applies principles and approaches emphasised in the SDG agenda.
For further information on Swiss TPH’s engagement in the SGDs, please visit the SDG website of Swiss TPH.
Cossa H et al. Health studies in the context of artisanal and small-scale mining: a scoping review. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021;18(4):1555. DOI: 10.3390/ijerph18041555
Dietler D et al. Housing conditions and respiratory health in children in mining communities: an analysis of data from 27 countries in sub-Saharan Africa. Environ Impact Assess Rev. 2021;89:106591. DOI: 10.1016/j.eiar.2021.106591
Leuenberger A et al. Water and health in mining settings in sub-Saharan Africa: a mixed methods geospatial visualization. Geospat Health. 2021;16:965. DOI: 10.4081/gh.2021.965
Leuenberger A et al. Health impacts of industrial mining on surrounding communities: Local perspectives from three sub-Saharan African countries. PLoS One. 2021;16(6):e0252433. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0252433
Lyatuu I, Loss G, Farnham A, Lyatuu G.W, Fink G, Winkler M.S. Associations between natural resource extraction and incidence of acute and chronic health conditions: evidence from Tanzania. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021;18(11):6052. DOI: 10.3390/ijerph18116052