Droughts, floods, newly emerging pathogens: the effects of climate change are manifold. Swiss TPH experts study the health impact of climate change in various regions in Africa and Europe. They assess the influences of heat waves on mortality, monitor the spread of the tiger mosquito in the southern part of Switzerland or establish risk profiles of African communities affected by heavy flooding with a particular attention to vulnerability of water and sanitation systems.
Considerable Health Consequences due to Climate Change
Climate change is expected to negatively impact health and wellbeing in all countries of the world. It is estimated that by 2050, 6 billion people will be at risk of one or several of the ‘big 7’ climate-related diseases: malaria, haemorrhagic fevers, schistosomiasis, human African trypanosomiasis, Chagas disease, leishmaniasis and onchocerciasis. Swiss TPH applies interdisciplinary research linking climate science, disease trend forecasting, mitigation and adaptation strategies. Better protection of the most vulnerable populations requires collaboration among several research groups and partners in Switzerland and all over the world.
Evaluation of Heat Wave Related Mortality in Switzerland
Swiss TPH epidemiologist analyse national data to assess the effect of heat waves on mortality in Switzerland. They evaluate the impact of the preventive measures adopted by various cantons on heat-wave related mortality and identify those groups most at risk. The heat wave of 2003 in Switzerland was unprecedented in terms of high numbers of deaths among the Swiss population. It led the government to issue a large-scale information campaign and recommendations that have been implemented by various cantons and health authorities ever since.