Unit | Environmental Exposures and Health
Our continuous interaction with the environment affects our health in both positive and negative ways. Researchers in the Environmental Exposures and Health unit develop and integrate novel tools and methods to investigate the health effects of a wide range of environmental exposures. These include transportation noise, ionizing and non-ionizing radiation, ambient and indoor air pollution, environmental tobacco exposure, pesticides and climate change including heat waves.
From Exposure Assessment to Effective Public Health
The unit conducts epidemiological studies in children, adolescents and adults. Current studies are dealing with health-related quality of life, behaviour, respiratory diseases, childhood tumours, cardiovascular diseases and neurodegenerative diseases. The unit also conducts health risk assessments, including meta-analyses and systematic reviews and contributes to the development of guidelines and regulatory limits in the field of environmental health.
Evaluation of Heat Wave Related Mortality and Adaption Measures in Switzerland
Heat is a stressor for the body and it is well proven that heat causes excess mortality. The aim of this project is to obtain a better understanding how heat waves affect mortality and morbidity in Switzerland. In addition, a tool box is derived on potential adaption measures that can be taken by various stakeholders to prevent heat related health effects. The effectiveness of these adaption measures are evaluated in the course of the project. Read more
Joint South Africa & Swiss Chair in Global Environmental Health
This chair in Cape Town university addresses emerging environmental health problems in South Africa. The collaboration consists of four projects: (i) a cohort study on agricultural pesticides effects on the development and respiratory health effects among rural children; (ii) a cohort study on the effects of ambient air pollutants on childhood asthma; (iii) an ecosystem approach on the health risks associated with chemical pollution and bio contamination of water sources and soils; and (iv) a health risk assessment on the impact of climate change on ecosystems, water and chemical usages. Further information about the project
TraNQuIL2 - Toward Prevention of Health Effects from Acute and Chronic Noise Exposure
Epidemiological research in the last decade has revealed associations between various cardiometabolic diseases and road, railway and aircraft noise. However, still little is known about mental health effects and most effective interventions to reduce health burden from transportation noise exposure. The TraNQuIL2 study will address several important research questions in relation to acute and long-term health effects from transportation noise to enhance our understanding of effective individual and population-level prevention measures. Read more
Selected PublicationsAll Publications
Degrendele C et al. Current use pesticides in soil and air from two agricultural sites in South Africa: implications for environmental fate and human exposure. Sci Total Environ. 2021;807(Pt 1):150455. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.150455
Röösli M et al. The effects of radiofrequency electromagnetic fields exposure on tinnitus, migraine and non-specific symptoms in the general and working population: A protocol for a systematic review on human observational studies. Environ Int. 2021;157:106852. DOI: 10.1016/j.envint.2021.106852
Saucy A et al. Mutual effects of fine particulate matter, nitrogen dioxide, and fireworks on cause-specific acute cardiovascular mortality: a case-crossover study in communities affected by aircraft noise. Environ Pollut. 2021;291:118066. DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2021.118066
Schulte F, Röösli M, Ragettli M.S. Heat-related cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in Switzerland: a clinical perspective. Swiss Med Wkly. 2021;151:w30013. DOI: 10.4414/SMW.2021.w30013
Strak M et al. Long term exposure to low level air pollution and mortality in eight European cohorts within the ELAPSE project: pooled analysis. BMJ. 2021;374:n1904. DOI: 10.1136/bmj.n1904