Project

ESCAPE - European study of cohorts for air pollution effects

ESCAPE is a collaboration of European cohort studies for the quantification of human health effects of long-term exposure to outdoor air pollution.

ESCAPE responds to a specific FP7 call for a large collaborative project in the Environment and Health program. The call asks for research within existing cohorts including those with children elderly adults as sensitive groups, and it asks to consider the role of other environmental exposures such as noise, and the use of biomarkers for gene-environment interactions.

ESCAPE will develop a single methodology for assessing within-city and within-area contrasts in long-term average concentrations of airborne particulate matter and nitrogen oxides. Airborne particulate matter will be characterized as inhalable (PM10) and respirable (PM2.5) particles as well as "soot" and elemental composition. Both NO and NO2 will be measured in view of changing NO/NO2 ratios in primary traffic emissions which may affect compliance with the European legislation with respect to NO2 which will come into force in 2010. ESCAPE includes also pregnancy outcomes and birth cohort studies; respiratory disease outcomes in adults; cardiovascular disease outcomes in adults; and cancer incidence and cause specific mortality. ESCAPE integrates 34 studies with SAPALDIA contributing to more than one of the aforementioned outcome categories.

Project Facts

Andersen Z.J, Pedersen M, Weinmayr G, Stafoggia M, Galassi C, Jorgensen J.T, Sommar J.N, Forsberg B, Olsson D, Oftedal B, Aasvang G.M, Schwarze P, Pyko A, Pershagen G, Korek M, De Faire U, Ostenson C.G, Fratiglioni L, Eriksen K.T, Poulsen A.H, Tjonneland A, Vaclavik Brauner E, Peeters P.H, Bueno-de-Mesquita B, Jaensch A, Nagel G, Lang A, Wang M, Tsai M.Y, Grioni S, Marcon A, Krogh V, Ricceri F, Sacerdote C, Migliore E, Vermeulen R, Sokhi R, Keuken M, de Hoogh K, Beelen R, Vineis P, Cesaroni G, Brunekreef B, Hoek G, Raaschou-Nielsen O. Long-term exposure to ambient air pollution and incidence of brain tumor: the European Study of Cohorts for Air Pollution Effects (ESCAPE). Neuro Oncol. 2018;20(3):420-432. DOI: 10.1093/neuonc/nox163

Nagel G, Stafoggia M, Pedersen M, Andersen Z.J, Galassi C, Munkenast J, Jaensch A, Sommar J, Forsberg B, Olsson D, Oftedal B, Krog N.H, Aamodt G, Pyko A, Pershagen G, Korek M, De Faire U, Pedersen N.L, Östenson C.G, Fratiglioni L, Sørensen M, Tjønneland A, Peeters P.H, Bueno-de-Mesquita B, Vermeulen R, Eeftens M, Plusquin M, Key T.J, Concin H, Lang A, Wang M, Tsai M.Y, Grioni S, Marcon A, Krogh V, Ricceri F, Sacerdote C, Ranzi A, Cesaroni G, Forastiere F, Tamayo-Uria I, Amiano P, Dorronsoro M, De Hoogh K, Beelen R, Vineis P, Brunekreef B, Hoek G, Raaschou-Nielsen O, Weinmayr G. Air pollution and incidence of cancers of the stomach and the upper aerodigestive tract in the European Study of Cohorts for Air Pollution Effects (ESCAPE). Int J Cancer. 2018(in press). DOI: 10.1002/ijc.31564

Weinmayr G, Pedersen M, Stafoggia M, Andersen Z.J, Galassi C, Munkenast J, Jaensch A, Oftedal B, Krog N.H, Aamodt G, Pyko A, Pershagen G, Korek M, De Faire U, Pedersen N.L, Ostenson C.G, Rizzuto D, Sorensen M, Tjonneland A, Bueno-de-Mesquita B, Vermeulen R, Eeftens M, Concin H, Lang A, Wang M, Tsai M.Y, Ricceri F, Sacerdote C, Ranzi A, Cesaroni G, Forastiere F, de Hoogh K, Beelen R, Vineis P, Kooter I, Sokhi R, Brunekreef B, Hoek G, Raaschou-Nielsen O, Nagel G. Particulate matter air pollution components and incidence of cancers of the stomach and the upper aerodigestive tract in the European Study of Cohorts of Air Pollution Effects (ESCAPE). Environ Int. 2018;120:163-171. DOI: 10.1016/j.envint.2018.07.030

Pedersen M, Andersen Z.J, Stafoggia M, Weinmayr G, Galassi C, Sørensen M, Eriksen K.T, Tjønneland A, Loft S, Jaensch A, Nagel G, Concin H, Tsai M.Y, Grioni S, Marcon A, Krogh V, Ricceri F, Sacerdote C, Ranzi A, Sokhi R, Vermeulen R, de Hoogh K, Wang M, Beelen R, Vineis P, Brunekeef B, Hoek G, Raaschou-Nielsen O. Ambient air pollution and primary liver cancer incidence in four European cohorts within the ESCAPE project. Environ Res. 2017;154:226-233. DOI: 10.1016/j.envres.2017.01.006

FuksK.B, Weinmayr G, Basagaña X, Gruzieva O, Hampel R, Oftedal B, Sørensen M, Wolf K, Aamodt G, Aasvang G.M, Aguilera I, Becker T, Beelen R, Brunekreef B, Caracciolo B, Cyrys J, Elosua R, Eriksen K.T, Foraster M, Fratiglioni L, Hilding A, Houthuijs D, Korek M, Künzli N, Marrugat J, Nieuwenhuijsen M, Östenson C.G, Penell J, Pershagen G, Raaschou-Nielsen O, Swart Jr W, Peters A, Hoffmann B. Long-term exposure to ambient air pollution and traffic noise and incident hypertension in seven cohorts of the European study of cohorts for air pollution effects (ESCAPE). Eur Heart J. 2017;38(13):983-990. DOI: 10.1093/eurheartj/ehw413

Andersen Z.J, Stafoggia M, Weinmayr G, Pedersen M, Galassi C, Jorgensen J.T, Oudin A, Forsberg B, Olsson D, Oftedal B, Marit Aasvang G, Aamodt G, Pyko A, Pershagen G, Korek M, De Faire U, Pedersen N.L, Östenson C.G, Fratiglioni L, Eriksen K.T, Tjonneland A, Peeters P.H, Bueno-de-Mesquita B, Plusquin M, Key T.J, Jaensch A, Nagel G, Lang A, Wang M, Tsai M.Y, Fournier A, Boutron-Ruault M.C, Baglietto L, Grioni S, Marcon A, Krogh V, Ricceri F, Sacerdote C, Migliore E, Tamayo-Uria I, Amiano P, Dorronsoro M, Vermeulen R, Sokhi R, Keuken M, de Hoogh K, Beelen R, Vineis P, Cesaroni G, Brunekreef B, Hoek G, Raaschou-Nielsen O. Long-term exposure to ambient air pollution and incidence of postmenopausal breast cancer in 15 European cohorts within the ESCAPE project. Environ Health Perspect. 2017;125(10):107005. DOI: 10.1289/EHP1742

Lanki T, Hampel R, Tiittanen P, Andrich S, Beelen R, Brunekreef B, Dratva J, de Faire U, Fuks K.B, Hoffman B, Imboden M, Jousilahti P, Koenig W, Mahabadi A.A, Künzli N, Pedersen N.L, Penell J, Pershagen G, Probst-Hensch N.M, Schaffner E, Schindler C, Sugiri D, Swart W.J, Tsai M.Y, Turunen A.W, Weinmayr G, Wolf K, Yli-Tuomi T, Peters A. Air pollution from road traffic and systemic inflammation in adults: a cross-sectional analysis in the European ESCAPE project. Environ Health Perspect. 2015;123(8):785-791. DOI: 10.1289/ehp.1408224

Beelen R, Hoek G, Raaschou-Nielsen O. Natural cause mortailty and long-term exposure to particle components: an analysis of 19 european cohorts within the multi-center ESCAPE project. Environ Health Perspect. 2015;123(6):525-533

Adam M, Schikowski T, Carsin A.E, Cai Y, Jacquemin B, Sanchez M, Vierkötter A, Marcon A, Keidel D, Sugiri D, Al Kanani Z, Nadif R, Siroux V, Hardy R, Kuh D, Rochat T, Bridevaux P.O, Eeftens M, Tsai M.Y, Villani S, Phuleria H.C, Birk M, Cyrys J, Cirach M, de Nazelle A, Nieuwenhuijsen M.J, Forsberg B, de Hoogh K, Declerq C, Bono R, Piccioni P, Quass U, Heinrich J, Jarvis D, Pin I, Beelen R, Hoek G, Brunekreef B, Schindler C, Sunyer J, Kramer U, Kauffmann F, Hansell A.L, Künzli N, Probst-Hensch N. Adult lung function and long-term air pollution exposure. ESCAPE: a multicentre cohort study and meta-analysis. Eur Respir J. 2015;45(1):38-50. DOI: 10.1183/09031936.00130014

Beelen R, Hoek G, Raaschou-Nielsen O, Stafoggia M, Andersen Z.J, Weinmayr G, Hoffmann B, Wolf K, Samoli E, Fischer P.H, Nieuwenhuijsen M.J, Xun W.W, Katsouyanni K, Dimakopoulou K, Marcon A, Vartiainen E, Lanki T, Yli-Tuomi T, Oftedal B, Schwarze P.E, Nafstad P, de Faire U, Pedersen N.L, Ostenson C.G, Fratiglioni L, Penell J, Korek M, Pershagen G, Eriksen K.T, Overvad K, Sorensen M, Eeftens M, Peeters P.H, Meliefste K, Wang M, Bueno-de-Mesquita H.B, Sugiri D, Kramer U, Heinrich J, de Hoogh K, Key T, Peters A, Hampel R, Concin H, Nagel G, Jaensch A, Ineichen A, Tsai M.Y, Schaffner E, Probst-Hensch N.M, Schindler C, Ragettli M.S, Vilier A, Clavel-Chapelon F, Declercq C, Ricceri F, Sacerdote C, Galassi C, Migliore E, Ranzi A, Cesaroni G, Badaloni C, Forastiere F, Katsoulis M, Trichopoulou A, Keuken M, Jedynska A, Kooter I.M, Kukkonen J, Sokhi R.S, Vineis P, Brunekreef B. Natural-cause mortality and long-term exposure to particle components: an analysis of 19 European cohorts within the multi-center ESCAPE project. Environ Health Perspect. 2015;123(6):525-533. DOI: 10.1289/ehp.1408095

Perez L, Wolf K, Hennig F, Penell J, Basagana X, Aguilera I, Agis D, Beelen R, Brunekreef B, Cyrys J, Fuks K.B, Adam M, Baldassare D, Cirach M, Elosua R, Dratva J, Hampel R, Koenig W, Marrugat J, de Faire U, Pershagen G, Probst-Hensch N.M, de Nazelle A, Nieuwenhuijsen M.J, Rathmann W, Rivera M, Seissler J, Schindler C, Thierry J, Hoffmann B, Peters A, Künzli N. Air pollution and atherosclerosis: a cross-sectional analysis of four European cohort studies in the ESCAPE study. Environ Health Perspect. 2015;123(6):597-605. DOI: 10.1289/ehp.1307711

Tsai M.Y, Hoek G, Eeftens M, de Hoogh K, Beelen R, Beregszaszai T, Cesaroni G, Cirach M, Cyrys J, de Nazelle A, de Vocht F, Ducret-Stich R, Eriksen K, Galassi C, Grazuleviciene R, Grazuleviciene T, Grivas G, Gryparis A, Heinrich J, Hoffmann B, Iakovides M, Keuken M, Krämer U, Künzli N, Lanki T, Madsen C, Meliefste K, Merritt A.S, Mölter A, Mosler G, Nieuwenhuijsen M.J, Pershagen G, Phuleria H, Quass U, Ranzi A, Schaffner E, Sokhi R, Stempfelet M, Stephanou E, Stempfelet M, Stephanou E, Sugiri D, Taimisto P, Tewis M, Udvardy O, Wang M, Brunekreef B. Spatial variation of PM elemental compositon between and within 20 European study areas - results of the ESCAPE project. Environ Int. 2015;84:181-192. DOI: 10.1016/j.envint.2015.04.015

Jacquemin B, Siroux V, Sanchez M, Carsin A.E, Schikowski T, Adam M, Bellisario V, Buschka A, Bono R, Brunekreef B, Cai Y, Cirach M, Clavel-Chapelon F, Declercq C, de Marco R, de Nazelle A, Ducret-Stich R.E, Ferretti V.V, Gerbase M.W, Hardy R, Heinrich J, Janson C, Jarvis D, Al Kanaani Z, Keidel D, Kuh D, Le Moual N, Nieuwenhuijsen M.J, Marcon A, Modig L, Pin I, Rochat T, Schindler C, Sugiri D, Stempfelet M, Temam S, Tsai M.Y, Varraso R, Vienneau D, Vierkötter A, Hansell A.L, Kramer U, Probst-Hensch N.M, Sunyer J, Künzli N, Kauffmann F. Ambient air pollution and adult asthma incidence in six European cohorts (ESCAPE). Environ Health Perspect. 2015;123(6):613-621. DOI: 10.1289/ehp.1408206

Cai Y, Schikowski T, Adam M, Buschka A, Carsin A.E, Jacquemin B, Marcon A, Sanchez M, Vierkötter A, Al-Kanaani Z, Beelen R, Birk M, Brunekreef B, Cirach M, Clavel-Chapelon F, Declercq C, de Hoogh K, de Nazelle A, Ducret-Stich R.E, Ferretti V, Forsberg B, Gerbase M.W, Hardy R, Heinrich J, Hoek G, Jarvis D, Keidel D, Kuh D, Nieuwenhuijsen M.J, Ragettli M.S, Ranzi A, Rochat T, Schindler C, Sugiri D, Temam S, Tsai M.Y, Varraso R, Kauffmann F, Kramer U, Sunyer J, Künzli N, Probst-Hensch N, Hansell A.L. Cross-sectional associations between air pollution and chronic bronchitis: an ESCAPE meta-analysis across five cohorts. Thorax. 2014;69(11):1005-1014. DOI: 10.1136/thoraxjnl-2013-204352

Dimakopoulou K, Samoli E, Beelen R, Stafoggia M, Andersen Z.J, Hoffmann B, Fischer P, Nieuwenhuijsen M, Vineis P, Xun W, Hoek G, Raaschou-Nielsen O, Oudin A, Forsberg B, Modig L, Jousilahti P, Lanki T, Turunen A, Oftedal B, Nafstad P, Schwarze P.E, Penell J, Fratiglioni L, Andersson N, Pedersen N, Korek M, de Faire U, Eriksen K.T, Tjonneland A, Becker T, Wang M, Bueno-de-Mesquita B, Tsai M.Y, Eeftens M, Peeters P.H, Meliefste K, Marcon A, Kramer U, Kuhlbusch T.A, Vossoughi M, Key T, de Hoogh K, Hampel R, Peters A, Heinrich J, Weinmayr G, Concin H, Nagel G, Ineichen A, Jacquemin B, Stempfelet M, Vilier A, Ricceri F, Sacerdote C, Pedeli X, Katsoulis M, Trichopoulou A, Brunekreef B, Katsouyanni K. Air pollution and nonmalignant respiratory mortality in 16 cohorts within the ESCAPE project. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2014;189(6):684-696. DOI: 10.1164/rccm.201310-1777OC

Fuks K.B, Weinmayr G, Foraster M, Dratva J, Hampel R, Houthuijs D, Oftedal B, Oudin A, Panasevich S, Penell J, Sommar J.N, Sorensen M, Tittanen P, Wolf K, Xun W.W, Aguilera I, Basagaña X, Beelen R, Bots M.L, Brunekreef B, Bueno-de-Mesquita H.B, Caracciolo B, Cirach M, de Faire U, de Nazelle A, Eeftens M, Elosua R, Erbel R, Forsberg B, Fratiglioni L, Gaspoz J.M, Hilding A, Jula A, Korek M, Krämer U, Künzli N, Lanki T, Leander K, Magnusson P.K, Marrugat J, Nieuwenhuijsen M.J, Östenson C.G, Pedersen N.L, Pershagen G, Phuleria H.C, Probst-Hensch N.M, Raaschou-Nielsen O, Schaffner E, Schikowski T, Schindler C, Schwarze P.E, Sogaard A.J, Sugiri D, Swart W.J, Tsai M.Y, Turunen A.W, Vineis P, Peters A, Hoffmann B. Arterial blood pressure and long-term exposure to traffic-related air pollution: an analysis in the European Study of Cohorts for Air Pollution Effects (ESCAPE). Environ Health Perspect. 2014;122(9):896-905. DOI: 10.1289/ehp.1307725

Wang M, Beelen R, Stafoggia M, Raaschou-Nielsen O, Andersen Z.J, Hoffmann B, Fischer P, Houthuijs D, Nieuwenhuijsen M, Weinmayr G, Vineis P, Xun W.W, Dimakopoulou K, Samoli E, Laatikainen T, Lanki T, Turunen A.W, Oftedal B, Schwarze P, Aamodt G, Penell J, de Faire U, Korek M, Leander K, Pershagen G, Pedersen N.L, Ostenson C.G, Fratiglioni L, Eriksen K.T, Sorensen M, Tjonneland A, Bueno-de-Mesquita B, Eeftens M, Bots M.L, Meliefste K, Kramer U, Heinrich J, Sugiri D, Key T, de Hoogh K, Wolf K, Peters A, Cyrys J, Jaensch A, Concin H, Nagel G, Tsai M.Y, Phuleria H, Ineichen A, Künzli N, Probst-Hensch N, Schaffner E, Vilier A, Clavel-Chapelon F, Declerq C, Ricceri F, Sacerdote C, Marcon A, Galassi C, Migliore E, Ranzi A, Cesaroni G, Badaloni C, Forastiere F, Katsoulis M, Trichopoulou A, Keuken M, Jedynska A, Kooter I.M, Kukkonen J, Sokhi R.S, Brunekreef B, Katsouyanni K, Hoek G. Long-term exposure to elemental constituents of particulate matter and cardiovascular mortality in 19 European cohorts: Results from the ESCAPE and TRANSPHORM projects. Environ Int. 2014;66:97-106. DOI: 10.1016/j.envint.2014.01.026

de Hoogh K, Korek M, Vienneau D, Keuken M, Kukkonen J, Nieuwenhuijsen M.J, Badaloni C, Beelen R, Bolignano A, Cesaroni G, Pradas M.C, Cyrys J, Douros J, Eeftens M, Forastiere F, Forsberg B, Fuks K, Gehring U, Gryparis A, Gulliver J, Hansell A.L, Hoffmann B, Johansson C, Jonkers S, Kangas L, Katsouyanni K, Künzli N, Lanki T, Memmesheimer M, Moussiopoulos N, Modig L, Pershagen G, Probst-Hensch N, Schindler C, Schikowski T, Sugiri D, Teixido O, Tsai M.Y, Yli-Tuomi T, Brunekreef B, Hoek G, Bellander T. Comparing land use regression and dispersion modelling to assess residential exposure to ambient air pollution for epidemiological studies. Environ Int. 2014;73:382-392. DOI: 10.1016/j.envint.2014.08.011

Cesaroni G, Forastiere F, Stafoggia M, Andersen Z.J, Badaloni C, Beelen R, Caracciolo B, de Faire U, Erbel R, Eriksen K.T, Fratiglioni L, Galassi C, Hampel R, Heier M, Hennig F, Hilding A, Hoffmann B, Houthuijs D, Jockel K.H, Korek M, Lanki T, Leander K, Magnusson P.K, Migliore E, Ostenson C.G, Overvad K, Pedersen N.L, JP J, Penell J, Pershagen G, Pyko A, Raaschou-Nielsen O, Ranzi A, Ricceri F, Sacerdote C, Salomaa V, Swart W, Turunen A.W, Vineis P, Weinmayr G, Wolf K, de Hoogh K, Hoek G, Brunekreef B, Peters A. Long term exposure to ambient air pollution and incidence of acute coronary events: prospective cohort study and meta-analysis in 11 European cohorts from the ESCAPE Project. BMJ. 2014;348:f7412. DOI: 10.1136/bmj.f7412

Jedynska A, Hoek G, Wang M, Eeftens M, Cyrys J, Keuken M, Ampe C, Beelen R, Cesaroni G, Forastiere F, Cirach M, de Hoogh K, de Nazelle A, Nystad W, Declercq C, Eriksen K.T, Dimakopoulou K, Lanki T, Meliefste K, Nieuwenhuijsen M.J, Yli-Tuomi T, Raaschou-Nielsen O, Brunekreef B, Kooter I. Development of land use regression models for elemental, organic carbon, PAH and hopanes/steranes in 10 ESCAPE/TRANSPHORM European study areas. Environ Sci Technol. 2014;48(24):14435-14444. DOI: 10.1021/es502568z

Beelen R, Raaschou-Nielsen O, Stafoggia M, Andersen Z.J, Weinmayr G, Hoffmann B, Wolf K, Samoli E, Fischer P, Nieuwenhuijsen M, Vineis P, Xun W.W, Katsouyanni K, Dimakopoulou K, Oudin A, Forsberg B, Modig L, Havulinna A.S, Lanki T, Turunen A, Oftedal B, Nystad W, Nafstad P, de Faire U, Pedersen N.L, Östenson C.G, Fratiglioni L, Penell J, Korek M, Pershagen G, Eriksen K.T, Overvad K, Ellermann T, Eeftens M, Peeters P.H, Meliefste K, Wang M, Bueno-de-Mesquita B, Sugiri D, Krämer U, Heinrich J, de Hoogh K, Key T, Peters A, Hampel R, Concin H, Nagel G, Ineichen A, Schaffner E, Probst-Hensch N, Künzli N, Schindler C, Schikowski T, Adam M, Phuleria H, Vilier A, Clavel-Chapelon F, Declercq C, Grioni S, Krogh V, Tsai M.Y, Ricceri F, Sacerdote C, Galassi C, Migliore E, Ranzi A, Cesaroni G, Badaloni C, Forastiere F, Tamayo I, Amiano P, Dorronsoro M, Katsoulis M, Trichopoulou A, Brunekreef B, Hoek G. Effects of long-term exposure to air pollution on natural-cause mortality: an analysis of 22 European cohorts within the multicentre ESCAPE project. Lancet. 2014;383(9919):785-795. DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(13)62158-3

Stafoggia M, Cesaroni G, Peters A, Andersen Z.J, Badaloni C, Beelen R, Caracciolo B, Cyrys J, de Faire U, de Hoogh K, Eriksen K.T, Fratiglioni L, Galassi C, Gigante B, Havulinna A.S, Hennig F, Hilding A, Hoek G, Hoffmann B, Houthuijs D, Korek M, Lanki T, Leander K, Magnusson P.K, Meisinger C, Migliore E, Overvad K, Ostenson C.G, Pedersen N.L, Pekkanen J, Penell J, Pershagen G, Pundt N, Pyko A, Raaschou-Nielsen O, Ranzi A, Ricceri F, Sacerdote C, Swart W.J, Turunen A.W, Vineis P, Weimar C, Weinmayr G, Wolf K, Brunekreef B, Forastiere F. Long-term exposure to ambient air pollution and incidence of cerebrovascular events: results from 11 European cohorts within the ESCAPE project. Environ Health Perspect. 2014;122(9):919-925. DOI: 10.1289/ehp.1307301

Ritter M, Müller M.D, Jorba O, Parlow E, Liu L.J.S. Impact of chemical and meteorological boundary and initial conditions on air quality modeling: WRF-Chem sensitivity evaluation for a European domain. Meteorol Atmos Phys. 2013;119(1-2):59-70. DOI: 10.1007/s00703-012-0222-8

Ritter M, Müller M.D, Tsai M.Y, Parlow E. Air pollution modeling over very complex terrain: An evaluation of WRF-Chem over Switzerland for two 1-year periods. Atmospheric Research. 2013;132-133:209-222. DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosres.2013.05.021

Raaschou-Nielsen O, Andersen Z.J, Beelen R, Samoli E, Stafoggia M, Weinmayr G, Hoffmann B, Fischer P, Nieuwenhuijsen M.J, Brunekreef B, Xun W.W, Katsouyanni K, Dimakopoulou K, Sommar J, Forsberg B, Modig L, Oudin A, Oftedal B, Schwarze P.E, Nafstad P, de Faire U, Pedersen N.L, Ostenson C.G, Fratiglioni L, Penell J, Korek M, Pershagen G, Eriksen K.T, Sorensen M, Tjonneland A, Ellermann T, Eeftens M, Peeters P.H, Meliefste K, Wang M, Bueno-de-Mesquita B, Key T.J, de Hoogh K, Concin H, Nagel G, Vilier A, Grioni S, Krogh V, Tsai M.Y, Ricceri F, Sacerdote C, Galassi C, Migliore E, Ranzi A, Cesaroni G, Badaloni C, Forastiere F, Tamayo I, Amiano P, Dorronsoro M, Trichopoulou A, Bamia C, Vineis P, Hoek G. Air pollution and lung cancer incidence in 17 European cohorts: prospective analyses from the European Study of Cohorts for Air Pollution Effects (ESCAPE). Lancet Oncol. 2013;14(9):813-822. DOI: 10.1016/S1470-2045(13)70279-1

Pedersen M, Giorgis-Allemand L, Bernard C, Aguilera I, Andersen A.M, Ballester F, Beelen R.M, Chatzi L, Cirach M, Danileviciute A, Dedele A, Eijsden Mv, Estarlich M, Fernandez-Somoano A, Fernandez M.F, Forastiere F, Gehring U, Grazuleviciene R, Gruzieva O, Heude B, Hoek G, de Hoogh K, van den Hooven E.H, Haberg S.E, Jaddoe V.W, Klümper C, Korek M, Krämer U, Lerchundi A, Lepeule J, Nafstad P, Nystad W, Patelarou E, Porta D, Postma D, Raaschou-Nielsen O, Rudnai P, Sunyer J, Stephanou E, Sorensen M, Thiering E, Tuffnell D, Varro M.J, Vrijkotte T.G, Wijga A, Wilhelm M, Wright J, Nieuwenhuijsen M.J, Pershagen G, Brunekreef B, Kogevinas M, Slama R. Ambient air pollution and low birthweight: a European cohort study (ESCAPE). Lancet Respir Med. 2013;1(9):695-704. DOI: 10.1016/S2213-2600(13)70192-9

Gehring U, Gruzieva O, Agius R.M, Beelen R, Custovic A, Cyrys J, Eeftens M, Flexeder C, Fuertes E, Heinrich J, Hoffmann B, de Jongste J.C, Kerkhof M, Klümper C, Korek M, Mölter A, Schultz E.S, Simpson A, Sugiri D, Svartengren M, von Berg A, Wijga A.H, Pershagen G, Brunekreef B. Air pollution exposure and lung function in children: the ESCAPE project. Environ Health Perspect. 2013;121(11-12):1357-1364. DOI: 10.1289/ehp.1306770

Beelen R, Hoek G, Vienneau D, Eeftens M, Dimakopoulou K, Pedeli X, Tsai M.Y, Künzli N, Schikowski T, Marco A, Eriksen K, Raaschou-Nielsen O, Stephanou E, Patelarou E, Lanki T, Yli-Tuomi T, Declercq C, Falq G, Stempfelet M, Birk M, Cyrys J, von Klot S, Nador G, Varro M.J, Dedele A, Grazuleviciene R, Mölter A, Lindley S, Madsen C, Cesaroni G, Ranzi A, Badaloni C, Hoffmann B, Nonnemacher M, Krämer U, Kuhlbusch T, Cirach M, de Nazelle A, Nieuwenhuijsen M, Bellander T, Korek M, Olsson D, Strömgren M, Dons E, Jerrett M, Fischer P, Wang M, Brunekreef B, de Hoogh K. Development of NO(2)and NO(x) land use regression models for estimating air pollution exposure in 36 study areas in Europe - The ESCAPE project. Atmos Environ. 2013;72:10-23. DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2013.02.037

Wang M, Beelen R, Basagana X, Becker T, Cesaroni G, de Hoogh K, Dedele A, Declercq C, Dimakopoulou K, Eeftens M, Forastiere F, Galassi C, Grazuleviciene R, Hoffmann B, Heinrich J, Iakovides M, Künzli N, Korek M, Lindley S, Molter A, Mosler G, Madsen C, Nieuwenhuijsen M.J, Phuleria H, Pedeli X, Raaschou-Nielsen O, Ranzi A, Sugiri D, Stempfelet M, Tsai M.Y, Lanki T, Udvardy O, Varro M.J, Wolf K, Weinmayr G, Yli-Tuomi T, Hoek G, Brunekreef B. Evaluation of land use regression models for NO2 and particulate matter in 20 European study areas: the ESCAPE project. Environ Sci Technol. 2013;47(9):4357-4364. DOI: 10.1021/es305129t

Cyrys J, Eeftens M, Heinrich J, Ampe C, Armengaud A, Beelen R, Bellander T, Beregszaszai T, Birk M, Cesaroni G, Cirach M, de Hoogh K, de Nazelle A, de Vocht F, Declercq C, Dedele A, Dimakopoulou K, Eriksen K, Galassi C, Grazuleviciene R, Grivas G, Gruzieva O, Hagenbjörk Gustafsson A, Hoffmann B, Iakovides M, Ineichen A, Krämer U, Lanki T, Lozano P, Madsen C, Meliefste K, Modig L, Mölter A, Mosler G, Nieuwenhuijsen M, Nonnemacher M, Oldenwening M, Peters A, Pontet S, Probst-Hensch N, Quass U, Raaschou-Nielsen O, Ranzi A, Sugiri D, Stephanou E.G, Taimisto P, Tsai M.Y, Vaskövi E, Villani S, Wang M, Brunekreef B, Hoek G. Variation of NO2 and NOx concentrations between and within 36 European study areas: results from the ESCAPE study. Atmos Environ. 2012;62:374-390. DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2012.07.080

Eeftens M, Tsai M.Y, Ampe C, Anwander B, Beelen R, Bellander T, Cesaroni G, Cirach M, Cyrys J, de Hoogh K, de Nazelle A, de Vocht F, Declercq C, Dedele A, Eriksen K, Galassi C, Grauleviciene R, Grivas G, Heinrich J, Hoffmann B, Iakovides M, Ineichen A, Katsouyanni K, Korek M, Krämer U, Kuhlbusch T, Lanki T, Madsen C, Meliefste K, Mölter A, Mosler G, Nieuwenhuijsen M, Oldenwening M, Pennanen A, Probst-Hensch N, Quass U, Raaschou-Nielsen O, Ranzi A, Stephanou E, Sugiri D, Udvardy O, Vaskövi E, Weinmayr G, Brunekreef B, Hoek G. Spatial variation of PM2.5, PM10, PM2.5 absorbance and PMcoarse concentrations between and within 20 European study areas and the relationship with NO2 - results of the ESCAPE project. Atmos Environ. 2012;62:303-317. DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2012.08.038

Eeftens M, Beelen R, de Hoogh K, Bellander T, Cesaroni G, Cirach M, Declercq C, Dedele A, Dons E, de Nazelle A, Dimakopoulou K, Eriksen K.T, Falq G, Fischer P, Galassi C, Grazuleviciene R, Heinrich J, Hoffmann B, Jerrett M, Keidel D, Korek M, Lankki T, Lindley S, Madsen C, Molter A, Nador G, Nieuwenhuijsen M.J, Nonnemacher M, Pedeli X, Raaschou-Nielsen O, Patelarou E, Quass U, Ranzi A, Schindler C, Stempfelet M, Stephanou E.G, Sugiri D, Tsai M, Yli-Tuomi T, Varro M.J, Vienneau D, von Klot S, Wolf K, Brunekreef B, Hoek G. Development of land use regression models for PM2.5, PM2.5 absorbance, PM10 and PMcoarse in 20 European study areas; results of the ESCAPE project. Environ Sci Technol. 2012;46(20):11195-11205. DOI: 10.1021/es301948k

Beelen R, de Hoogh K, Eeftens M, Meliefste K, Cirach M, de Nazelle A, Nieuwenhuijsen M, Molter A, Cyrys J, Birk M, Bellander T, Sugiri D, Tsai M.Y, Ineichen A, Madsen C, Gryparis A, Modig L, Mosler G, Vienneau D, Hoek G. Estimating long-term exposure to air pollution in 38 study areas in Europe in a harmonized way using land use regression modeling (ESCAPE project). Epidemiology, 2011;22(1):S82