Course Coordinators

Mauro Bodio

Thomas Junghanss

Next Course

For further details

please get in contact with

Accidents due to venomous and poisonous animals

Accidents due to envenoming and poisoning are among the most neglected health problems in the tropics and subtropics. WHO has recently filed such incidents under neglected tropical diseases (NTDs). Moreover, clinicians in industrialized countries are increasingly confronted with cases of envenoming and poisoning in tourists and petowners.

The diversity of venomous and poisonous animals and the pathophysiological effects of their complex venoms pose major challenges to clinicians and poisons information services. Since identification of the culprit is indispensable for antivenom treatment, it is essential that clinicians have the skills to carry out this task as it is often up to the clinician him / herself to handle this problem.


Aim of the course
The biological focus of the course provides clinicians with the tools needed to succeed in the difficult task of identifying the culprit in clinical stress situations. The challenge is to narrow down the possible culprits to the level necessary for managing a patient.

The clinical sections provide a systematic approach for the clinical management of envenomed patients, based on the best evidence to date. Various animal groups (terrestrial and sea snakes, scorpions, spiders, hymenopterans, cnidarians, venomous fish and poisonous animals) are intro-duced, with an emphasis on the most important species  within each group. Response strategies are presented and practiced, exposing course participants to real life situations, starting with the presentation of the patient and identifying the culprit through to symptomatic and specific clinical management.