ELAPSE - Effects of Low-Level Air Pollution: A study in Europe


ELAPSE (Effects of Low-Level Air Pollution: A Study in Europe) is a Europe-wide collaboration in a research project Mortality and morbidity effects of long-term exposure to low-level PM2.5, Black Carbon, NO2 and O3: an analysis of European cohorts. The Project addresses the issue of health effects at low air pollution levels by performing targeted analyses of all-cause and cause-specific mortality and morbidity endpoints within selected cohorts of the ESCAPE study with detailed individual data (~380,000 subjects) and in seven very large European administrative cohorts (> 35 million subjects). The analysis focuses on the pollutants PM2.5 (fine particles with an aerodynamic diameter of less than 2.5 μm), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), and ozone (O3), but also exploits the rich monitoring data of black carbon (BC) available from the ESCAPE study with high spatial resolution. Exposure assessment characterizes fine-scale intra-urban as well as between-urban air pollution contrasts using novel combinations of land use regression and dispersion models, routine monitoring data, and satellite observations.


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