Non-communicable Diseases: A Major Burden
NCDs are becoming highly prevalent worldwide due to increased life expectancy and other complex mechanisms such as urbanisation. Also known as chronic diseases, NCDs are usually long-lasting and the result of a combination of genetic, physiological, environmental and behavioural factors. Major NCDs include cardiovascular diseases, cancer, chronic respiratory diseases and diabetes. NCDs disproportionately affect people in low- and middle-income countries, where more than three-quarters of global NCD deaths occur [WHO]. They are a major burden on household and government budgets and a poverty risk. Primary prevention of NCDs and access to affordable treatment are therefore crucial to addressing the NCD epidemic.
Focus on Environmental and Lifestyle Risk Factors
Swiss TPH focuses on understanding the impact of environmental and lifestyle risk factors in the etiology and progression of NCDs. Policy activities evaluate the potential of structural prevention to slow the NCD epidemic.