Topic > Infectious Diseases > Malaria

Basic Malaria Research

We acquire new functional and mechanistic insight into processes linked to the essential biology of malaria blood stage parasites. These parasite forms are responsible for all malaria-related morbidity and mortality as well as for the transmission of parasites between humans via the mosquito vector. We place particular emphasis on

(1) investigating the molecular mechanisms underlying parasite-induced red blood cell remodeling, through which infected red blood cells adopt pathogenic traits;

(2) understanding the transcriptional and epigenetic mechanisms responsible for antigenic variation and sexual conversion, which facilitate chronic blood infection and parasite transmission, respectively; and

(3) the identification and characterization of parasite ligands required for red blood cell invasion and their cognate invasion-inhibitory antibodies.

We further engage in elucidating mechanisms of action of anti-malarial drugs and in identifying immunological response signatures associated with native and adaptive anti-malarial immunity in vivo.

Scanning electron micrographs of an erythrocyte and of erythrocytes infected with P. falciparum
An immunofluorescence staining of a gametocyte - the sexual form of P. falciparum
3D-structure of the protein CyRPA

Elucidation of the Dynamic Interaction Network of Exported Proteins in P. falciparum

In this projects we study the interaction network of exported proteins which is of crucial importance for the export of virulence factors to the surface of the infected host cells and for other modifications allowing the parasite’s survival in its host cell. We use state-of-the-art molecular-genetic and cell-biological methods and produce a substantial number of transgenic parasites. In these parasites we study the function of exported proteins in order to identify those interactions that are needed to elicit the most important modifications.

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MalCommit - Understanding Sexual Commitment and Early Differentiation of Malaria Transmission Stages

The project aims to understand the processes responsible for the differentiation of asexual malaria blood stage parasites into sexual forms. The anticipated results may open up new avenues for the development of transmission-blocking drugs and vaccines.

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Role of the Plasmodim Falciparum Protein CyRPA in Parasite Invasion of Erythrocytes

A reverse vaccinology approach has led us to the identification of the P. falciparum Cysteine Rich Protective Antigen (PfCyRPA). The protein forms together with PfRH5 and PfRipr a multiprotein complex crucial for erythrocyte invasion. We have determined the crystal structure of PfCyRPA and are using this and parasite inhibitory and non-inhibitory anti-CyRPA monoclonal antibodies as a basis for analyzing its function.

Abdul-wahid Habib A.M. Malaria treatment adherence in the context of reactive case detection in Zanzibar. Basel: Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, 2018. MSc

Accordini S et al. A three-generation study on the association of tobacco smoking with asthma. Int J Epidemiol. 2018(in press). (ALEC). DOI: 10.1093/ije/dyy031

Akama T et al. Identification of a 4-fluorobenzyl L-valinate amide benzoxaborole (AN11736) as a potential development candidate for the treatment of Animal African Trypanosomiasis (AAT). Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2018;28(1):6-10. DOI: 10.1016/j.bmcl.2017.11.028

Aljeesh Y.I, Alkhaldi M. Institutionalising community health programmes into the Palestinian health-care system: a qualitative study. Lancet, 2018;391:S36. DOI: 10.1016/s0140-6736(18)30361-1

Almeida A.C.G et al. High proportions of asymptomatic and submicroscopic Plasmodium vivax infections in a peri-urban area of low transmission in the Brazilian Amazon. Parasit Vectors. 2018;11:194. DOI: 10.1186/s13071-018-2787-7

Altiner A.O, Tekeli-Yesil S. Emergency Medical Service (EMS) utilization by Syrian refugees residing in Ankara, Turkey. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2018;33(2):160-164. DOI: 10.1017/S1049023X18000134

Amek N.O et al. Infant and child mortality in relation to malaria transmission in KEMRI/CDC HDSS, Western Kenya: validation of verbal autopsy. Malar J. 2018;17:37. DOI: 10.1186/s12936-018-2184-x

Amini H. Air quality in Tehran, Iran: evaluating acute health effects and modeling the long-term spatial variability. Basel: Univ. Basel, 2018. PhD Thesis, University of Basel, Faculty of Science

Aminzadeh R et al. A multi-band body-worn distributed radio-frequency exposure meter: design, on-body calibration and study of body morphology. Sensors (Basel). 2018;18(1):e272. DOI: 10.3390/s18010272

Amstutz A et al. SESOTHO trial ("Switch Either near Suppression Or THOusand") - switch to second-line versus WHO-guided standard of care for unsuppressed patients on first-line ART with viremia below 1000 copies/mL: protocol of a multicenter, parallel-group, open-label, r. BMC Infect Dis. 2018;18:76. DOI: 10.1186/s12879-018-2979-y