The malaria map is shrinking. In high burden areas malaria parasite prevalence has been reduced dramatically. Around 100 countries are now free from malaria. According to WHO estimates, malaria incidence (the rate of new malaria cases) fell by 37% between 2000 and 2015. In that same period, malaria death rates among populations at risk fell by 60% globally among all age groups and by 65% among children under 5.
But the gains in the fight against malaria are fragile and unevenly distributed. About 3.2 billion people – nearly half the world’s population – remain at risk. In 2015 alone, there were 214 million new cases of malaria and more than 400 000 malaria-related deaths.
Swiss TPH conducts research to control and eliminate malaria in different regions and provides assistance to countries in the development of national malaria elimination strategies.
The objective of the International Center for Excellence in Malaria Research in Southeast Asia is to advance knowledge of how programmes to control malaria in Papua New Guinea and Solomon Islands affect the epidemiology, transmission and pathogenesis of malaria infection and morbidity. Research and capacity building activities of this programme will be useful to health officials and other stakeholders.
In field trials of new interventions against mosquitoes and the diseases they transmit, there are often spill-over effects between areas that receive the intervention and others that do not, because of mosquito movement. This project is developing ways of designing trials to make best use of data on spill-over effects to better understand the potential impacts of interventions (including odour baited traps, and novel bednets), including effects of mosquito movement.
This project is using mathematical modeling to inform strategies to accelerate progress towards malaria elimination in Southern Africa, the Greater Mekong Sub-region, Hispaniola, and Mesoamerica.